Indigenous women dancing in brightly colored dresses in front of the brightly lit cathedral underneath a blue sky in Oaxaca, Mexico.

The ABSOLUTE Best Things to Do in Oaxaca, Mexico

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Looking for the best things to do in Oaxaca? I’ve got you covered! Oaxaca is one of my favorite places in Mexico, and I think it’s one of the most special cities in Latin America.

Oaxaca (pronounced wa-HA-ca) ticks all the boxes — it’s an incredibly beautiful city, it’s an endlessly interesting city; it’s large enough to have tons of things to do but small enough to get around on foot; and the value for money is EXCELLENT. Oh, and did I mention it’s a culinary nirvana?

I arrived in Oaxaca a sleep-deprived zombie, thanks to taking the 10-hour overnight bus from San Cristóbal de las Casas. The sun shone beautifully, warming my face. A strong coffee at a cafe on the Zócalo and a Oaxacan tamale, steamed in a banana leaf and filled with black mole, brought me back to life. I people-watched with a smile on my face. I was hooked on this city already.

I spent a full week in Oaxaca, exploring it top to bottom. Mexico is one of my favorite countries in the world, and I love to visit every winter when possible. Now I’m considering spending a winter or two in Oaxaca, just to enjoy it for longer.

This is my Oaxaca travel guide, and I hope it helps you plan a fantastic trip.

(Please note that there is both a state of Oaxaca and a city of Oaxaca in Mexico. This guide refers to Oaxaca city, also called Oaxaca de Juarez, which is within Oaxaca state.)

This guide was updated as of January 2021.

Kate posing with her arms in the air in front of a mural of many different colors in an abstract design.
Travel to Oaxaca for the colors!

Why Travel to Oaxaca?

There are some cities that seem to epitomize their countries. Take Kyoto: you have pristine temples and gleaming skyscrapers, ryokan and high-end kaiseiki meals and markets selling unusual foods. It’s exactly what people picture Japan to be. Or Sevilla — a city of orange trees and flamenco and ornate buildings and bullfighting, the kind of destination people imagine when they think about Spain.

And Oaxaca is that city for Mexico. While Mexico is a very diverse nation, Oaxaca is like a dream image of what people perceive Mexico to be.

A warm, colorful city located in a valley among mountains. Street vendors serving up delicious food. Women dressed in colorful embroidered dresses. Ancient pyramids just outside the city. Parades and festivals and art.

If you’re looking to base in Mexico for a full week, exploring the city in depth and taking day trips to nearby destinations, Oaxaca would be my top recommendation.

Read More:

What NOT to Do in Mexico

Oaxaca Travel FAQ

What are the best things to do in Oaxaca?

My two absolute favorite things to do in Oaxaca are to experience a temezcal (sweat lodge) ceremony and go for a mole and mezcal pairing class.

What are the best cheap things to do in Oaxaca?

Take the Oaxaca free walking tour (remember to tip your guide). People-watching on the Zócalo is free; having a meaty meal at 20 November Market is cheap and fun.

How do you pronounce Oaxaca?

Oaxaca is pronounced “wa-HA-ca.”

Is Oaxaca safe?

Yes, Oaxaca is a very safe city to visit, even for solo female travelers. Take the same precautions you would in your home country: be aware of your surroundings, don’t drink too much, and keep in touch with someone at home.

People walking down the main square of Oaxaca, the zocalo. One man carries a huge bundle of balloons; other people are sitting and looking at their phones.
The Zócalo is the center of Oaxacan life.

Things to Do in Oaxaca

One of the best things to do in Oaxaca is simply walk around the city and enjoy the atmosphere. Oaxaca is a city that lends itself to wandering, and I could wander Oaxaca for hours.

Here are some more things to do in Oaxaca:

People-Watch on the Zócalo

The Zócalo is the main square in Oaxaca’s city center. It’s a park with lots of pathways and it serves as a gathering place for Oaxacans. Like many other cities, Oaxaca’s main square is the place to see and be seen around sunset.

Here you’ll find balloon vendors and street food stalls, teenagers giggling in crowds, multi-generational families enjoying each other’s company, and the occasional pair of well-dressed chihuahuas. Occasionally you’ll catch a musical performance.

Use the Zócalo as your base, and from there you can set out in any direction and enjoy Oaxaca’s streets.

A bright and colorful street in Oaxaca with purple, yellow, blue, and white buildings in a row. There are trees and you see people walking down the street and mountains rising in the background.
One of the best things to do in Oaxaca is simply walking the streets.

Free Oaxaca Walking Tour

Taking a free walking tour is one of my favorite ways to get my bearings in a new city. Oaxaca Free Walking Tour has daily tours led by locals.

On this tour you’ll get to know your way around the city while learning about Oaxacan history, culture, arts, gastronomy, and social and political movements. It’s one of the best things to do in Oaxaca on your first day to give you the framework for the rest of your trip.

Just keep in mind that a free tour is not TOTALLY free — your guide expects (and deserves) tips. Most free tours even have to pay their company a portion of the tips they receive. Tip generously for your free tour. Don’t be one of the people who shamefully slinks away.

Free tours are daily at 10:00 AM and 4:00 PM, departing from Teatro Macedonia Alcalá.

Charlie holds up a menu and talks to a butcher behind a wooden counter topped with lots of raw meat at Mercado 20 Noviembre.
Get your carnivore on at Mercado 20 Noviembre.

Eat Meat at Mercado 20 Noviembre

Looking for a fun, local, cheap food experience? Well, this one is particularly for carnivores. Head down to Mercado 20 Noviembre and you get to choose the meat of your dreams!

It’s a bit intimidating, but don’t worry — Oaxacans are lovely people and they’ll help you if you need it. Start out by choosing vegetables to eat, then walk up to one of the butcher counters and order the meat. You’ll be given a number and you can sit down at the tables. When it’s ready, they’ll let you pick it up. From the table, you can order tortillas, condiments, and refreshments from the wait staff (I recommend a Victoria beer).

Mercado 20 Noviembre is just south of Mercado Benito Juarez, another big market in Oaxaca that is worth exploring.

Two benches inside a cave-like setting, with discarded herbs and squeezed halves of oranges in the ground.

Experience a Temazcal

One of the most unforgettable things I did in Oaxaca was visit Cevarium Temazcal, a traditional “sweat lodge” operated by a lovely Zapotec couple, Blanca and Osvelia. This is an activity that you’ll remember forever.

The Temazcal is a traditional health method for the Zapotec, and this particular Temazcal offers you a way to respectfully engage in an Indigenous activity in Oaxaca.

There were three of us participating: me, Charlie, and another woman. We wore bathing suits and each sat on a small stool inside the low-ceiling temazcal. Then Osvelia closed the door and the heat began! He gave us directions on what to do. We squeezed oranges on ourselves (“Like a turkey,” he said.) We rubbed local clays on our faces and dumped cold buckets of water on our heads. We each sat in our own cool bathtubs in the hot room as Osvelia poured chocolate and mole over us.

I found it to be like a meditation, a way to step outside your body and concentrate on the here and now.

What I most appreciated was how much Osvelia reassured us. “Don’t suffer,” he repeated over and over, reminding us that if it was too much heat, we could lie down or even leave.

On recommendation from others, we did the version with the herbal bath. Book through Facebook Messenger. The regular Temazcal experience costs 1000 pesos ($51) for one person, 1200 pesos ($61) for two people, or 500 pesos ($25) each for 3-6 people; the Temazcal experience plus the herbal bath costs 1300 pesos ($66) per person. Book ASAP because this tends to sell out.

Cevarium Temazcal is located outside the city, but they can send their driver to pick you up for an extra fee (highly recommended because most local drivers won’t be able to find it).

A white crescent moon-shaped plate topped with a row of seven white shot glass-sized glasses filled with mezcal, and a row of seven shot glasses painted the same colors as their moles within with wooden tasters sticking out.

Take a Mole and Mezcal Pairing Class

One of my absolute favorite things to do in Oaxaca was a mezcal and mole pairing. Mole and mezcal are two specialties from Oaxaca, but you have no idea how complex they are until you try them one at a time, savoring them, noting all the differences!

This experience is given by Daniel, a sommelier with a really interesting background. In fact, we enjoyed his tour so much that we hung out with him later on and he showed us around the cool parts of the Xochimilco neighborhood.

Think mezcal is tequila’s smokier sister? Get ready to have your mind blown — high quality mezcal isn’t supposed to be smoky at all, Daniel told us! It’s like wine. It’s subtle and vibrant, and once you attune your mind to its flavors, you’ll be amazed.

You can book it here. Rates from $52. Very highly recommended.

The brown stone Templo Santo Domingo Church with its towers, rising behind wild greenery and what looks like weeds.

Visit Templo Santo Domingo and the Museo de las Culturas

These two Oaxacan sites are located in the same complex. Templo Santo Domingo is a church — soft stone on the outside, intricate gold patterns on the inside.

The Museo de las Culturas, or Museum of Cultures, is a museum highlighting the cultures of the many Indigenous communities of the region. Exhibitions focus on pre-Hispanic through the present day. Don’t miss the display from Tomb 7 at Monte Albán, filled with gold, silver, and gemstones.

Templo Santo Domingo is free to enter; entry to the Museo de las Culturas is 80 pesos ($4). The museum is primarily in Spanish, but the Google Translate photo app on your phone can translate in real time.

A large garden filled with cacti, palms, and shrubs in shades of brown and green.
Cacti as far as the eye can see. Shutterstock image via Jess Kraft.

Visit the Ethnobotanical Garden

Next door to the Templo Santo Domingo is Oaxaca’s ethnobotanical garden, containing a beautiful collection of plants from all over the state of Oaxaca.

Oaxaca is the most biodiverse state in Mexico and the plants are grouped according to ecological region. To this day, the plants are watered manually from water collected from the church’s roof!

This isn’t a walk-in attraction — you must book a guided tour. English language tours take place on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays at 1:00 PM and cost 100 pesos ($5) per person.

A Oaxacan tlauyda -- a giant tortilla topped with meat and vegetables, served on a blue and orange patterned tile table.
Tlayudas should be on your menu in Oaxaca!

Eat All the Oaxacan Food

Oaxacan food is fantastic — the best in Mexico. Take this opportunity to dive into local Oaxacan specialties, many of which are tough to find outside the region.

Here are a few dishes that you should prioritize trying in Oaxaca:

Tlayudas — Large tortillas topped with refried beans, avocado, tomatoes, any kind of meat, and sometimes Oaxacan cheese. Some people call it Oaxacan pizza.

Mole — Forget any mole you’ve ever had, because Oaxaca does them better, and in seven very different varieties. Try as many as you can!

Tamales Oaxaqueños — You may know tamales, but Oaxaca’s version are steamed in banana leaves and often filled with mole negro.

Memelas — Similar to tostadas, but featuring a soft, thick corn base topped with beans, cheeses, meats, and salsas. They’re most popular for breakfast.

Empanadas — Different from other Latin American empanadas, Oaxacan empanadas are tortillas filled with toppings, folded in half, and grilled.

Huitlacoche — Corn fungus, often served in tacos. It’s a seasonal item (May-September). Mushroomy and earthy, it tastes better if you don’t think about what you’re actually eating.

Quesillo — Also known as Oaxaca cheese, this is a stringy white cheese that goes on everything.

Chapulines — Fried grasshoppers. You can use them as a topping or just eat them like French fries!

Tejate — A frothy, chalky-looking beverage that is a bit of an acquired taste, made with ground corn and cacao.

Taking a food tour is a great way to try lots of Oaxacan specialties! Oaxaca Flavors is a tour that will stuff you with more than two dozen delicious specialties over the course of four hours. I recommend doing this early in your trip so you’ll find out your favorites and order more of them. Contact them for current rates.

See below for the best restaurants in Oaxaca.

Several Oaxacan dishes on a yellow flowered tablecloth. In the middle is two pieces of chicken in a dark brown mole sauce with sesame seeds on top.
Learn how to make a perfect mole! Shutterstock image via Marcos Castillo.

Take a Cooking Class

Taking a Oaxaca cooking class is one of the best gifts you can give yourself and your loved ones. Imagine inviting your friends over for Mexican food, they’ll be expecting tacos, and you’ll make them a fantastic meal with complex, deep flavors!

Most Oaxaca cooking classes include a market visit to select produce before cooking. Most classes have everyone pitching in together on communal dishes; others have you cooking your own individual dish.

Here are some options:

This Oaxacan cooking class teaches how to make a full meal including a mole, plus multiple kinds of salsas and tortillas. From $77.

This traditional Oaxaca cooking class will teach you how to make your own meal, down to the tortillas, and has vegan and vegetarian options available. From $51.

This Oaxacan cooking class has you visit a market before cooking a three-course meal together. From $57.

Two cocktails on a wooden shelf: one pale yellow and one pinkish orange, filled with large ice cubes.
Mezcal cocktails are delicious.

Try Mezcal Cocktails

There are lots of nice cocktail bars and mezcalerias in Oaxaca. While you could peruse the top lists, nothing compares to randomly stumbling into a cool-looking place and staying for one drink, two drinks, maybe more, and declaring it your place.

We enjoyed a bar called Mezcalogia, which had plenty of clever concoctions.

A woman posing for Instagram in front of Templo Santo Domingo in a wide-brimmed hat, holding the hand of the photographer behind her.
Get photos that look like THIS. Shutterstock image via Plan B Viajero.

Book a Professional Photo Shoot

Want REALLY nice photos of yourself in Oaxaca? Book a pro photographer for a few hours! Airbnb Experiences has made it possible for travelers to get flattering professional photos of themselves around the world for affordable prices.

Juan Pablo has shot for National Geographic and Maxim — and you can be his next subject.

Oaxacan people dressed up in white clothing with zombie-like gray face makeup, parading through the streets for Day of the Dead.
A comparsa en route. Shutterstock image via Angela Ostafichuk.

Celebrate the Day of the Dead

El Día de los Muertos, the Day of the Dead, takes place all over Mexico — but Oaxaca is one of the best places to celebrate.

Day of the Dead is a festival combining pre-Hispanic and Christian traditions, a time when the door between the earthly world and the spiritual world has opened. Locals create ofrendas (offerings) for their departed loved ones at their burial sites, bringing things they would have enjoyed while living.

In Oaxaca, it extends beyond the dates of October 31-November 2 — there are comparsas (parades) and events during the last week of October and first week in November, with most of them happening on November 1.

This is a popular time to visit Oaxaca, so book your accommodation as early as possible.

Almost alien-looking pools of water at the Hierve el Agua -- yellow fossilized petrified shapes surrounded by bright turquoise and teal pools. Mountains behind in the distance.
The Hierve el Agua is the most photogenic day trip from Oaxaca. Shutterstock image via Belikova Oksana.

Best Day Trips from Oaxaca

It may be hard to tear yourself away from the city of Oaxaca, but there is SO much beauty surrounding the city as well. Some of the best things to do in Oaxaca are within a few hours’ drive of the city.

Here are some day trips from Oaxaca worth putting on your list.

Hierve el Agua

The single most spectacular natural site close to Oaxaca is the Hierve el Agua, a natural geological formation that resembles a frozen waterfall.

This is where you’l get some of the best Instagram photos of your trip. There are lots of different angles of the formation, and if you’re lucky, you might be able to get some reflective shots. You can even go swimming in the pools — just be prepared for the water to be on the cool side!

Most day trips to the Hierve el Agua include nearby sites — a 2,000-year-old tree called El Tule is very often included, and sometimes you can get the town of Mitla included too.

This is one Oaxaca day trip that I recommend doing as an organized trip rather than doing it on your own — it’s hard to tick all three things off if you’re not familiar with the region.

That said, if you’re looking to do a high-quality photo shoot at sunset, or want to spend the day hiking around the area, you’re better off renting a car and driving on your own.

You can book a tour to Hierve el Agua, Tule tree, and Mitla here. From $21.

The Monte Alban ruins: several flap-topped stone pyramids, many of them topped with vegetation.

Monte Albán

Monte Alban is the best set of ancient ruins close to Oaxaca — and one of the best in all of Mexico. You can actually climb the pyramids here!

Monte Albán was originally constructed in the eight century BCE and between 500 BCE and 850 CE, it was the most important political center in Zapotec culture.

Today Monte Albán is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the city of Oaxaca. You’ll find a great plaza, truncated pyramids, a ball court, and there are more than 170 tombs.

Don’t miss Los Danzantes — slabs of rock carved in the image of contorting people. While the name suggests they were dancers, today many archaeologists believe they were prisoners depicted mid-torture.

You can book a guided half day tour of Monte Albán here. From $19.

You can also book a shuttle from Oaxaca to Monte Albán here. From $7.99.

A woman wearing a flowered dress, sunglasses, and wide-brimmed hat posing in the middle of pointy green agave plants, mountains in the background.
Go frolic in the agave! Shutterstock image via Kelli Hayden.

Mezcal Fields

Dreamed of getting photos of yourself frolicking in the agave fields? Are you obsessed with mezcal? Or do you just want to spend a day seeing nature beyond the city? A day trip to the mezcal fields is a great thing to do in Oaxaca.

If you’re into Instagram photos, this is a great option. But don’t pass up an opportunity to learn more about an often misunderstood spirit.

The Mezcal Journey meets in Oaxaca, takes you out to a mezcal distillery and mezcal fields, then provides you with a delicious dinner with even more mezcal. From $84 per person.

The town of Mitla with its beige stone building with three red domes. In front of it are cactus gardens and green trees; behind it are mountains.
Mitla is a gorgeous getaway. Shutterstock image via Aleksandar Todorovic.

Mitla

If Monte Alban was the most important Zapotec political center, Mitla was the ancient religious center. Dating back to pre-Hispanic times, Mitla was the home of the high priests — the most respected and feared people in society.

Most interesting are the mosaics, carved out in geometric patterns and depicting the Earth, the sky, serpents, and other figures from nature.

It’s easy to combine a trip to Mitla with the Hierve el Agua and El Tule, the 2,000-year-old tree.

You can book a tour to Hierve el Agua, Tule tree, and Mitla here. From $21.

Indigenous women working in a market. There are tables full of fresh produce (limes, peppers, fennel) and raw meat hanging above.
Sunday at Tlacolula Market. Shutterstock image via Isabelle van Hoorn.

Tlacolula Sunday Market

Will you be in Oaxaca on a Sunday? Consider making a trip to the town of Tlacolula. On Sundays Tlacolula becomes home to one of the largest Indigenous markets on the planet.

People come from all over the state of Oaxaca to sell their wares at this market. You’ll find everything from fruits and vegetables to crafts, household supplies, and all kinds of meat.

This is a good place to get handcrafted souvenirs from Oaxaca. (Though if you have your heart set on a certain item, check prices in Oaxaca markets beforehand — sometimes it’s cheaper there.) And the people-watching is unparalleled. Remember to be respectful as a photographer and a visitor to an Indigenous community. Always ask people permission before taking photos of them or their wares.

Don’t miss stopping at Tlacolula’s Templo de la Asunsción to admire its ornate gold chapel.

To get to Tlacolula from Oaxaca, it’s best to take a colectivo, or shared taxi. They take 45 minutes and cost about 25 pesos ($1.25). Ask your accommodation where to get a colectivo to Tlacolula; they’ll know which pickup spot is closest to you.

A fancy plate of Oaxaca food -- it looks like ceviche mixed with vegetables and a large green leaf on top.

Where to Eat in Oaxaca

Oaxaca is the best food destination in Mexico — period. Of course, every Mexican extols their own region’s culinary traditions, but most grudgingly admit that Oaxacan cuisine is on another level.

For cheap, filling and delicious meals, head to any of the markets and see which stalls are popular. No matter where you are in the world, if it’s got a big crowd of locals waiting to eat, it’s got fantastic food. And don’t miss the meat experience at Mercado 20 Noviembre mentioned above, or a food tour.

One of the nice things about Oaxaca is that you can enjoy fine dining for a very reasonable price (and often for cheaper than Mexico City). I highly recommend planning for at least one high end meal in Oaxaca. If you’re a hardcore foodie, you’ll want several.

Here are some Oaxaca restaurants that I recommend:

Origen

Origen was my personal favorite high-end restaurant we experienced in Oaxaca. Everything was inventive, delicious, immaculately plated, and thoughtfully designed. If you want to treat yourself, they have a five-course tasting menu.

Los Danzantes

Los Danzantes? You might recognize that name from the Monte Albán ruins! This is another high-end restaurant in Oaxaca with a large courtyard area. The dishes are outstanding and great value for money — yet it feels a bit more playful and fun than other high-end restaurants. Great cocktails, too.

Ancestral Cocina Tradicional

Ancestral Cocina Tradicional is where we had our mole and mezcal experience, which you should do, but if not, I recommend having dinner at the restaurant. They serve all seven of the moles in a magical garden setting. It’s especially nice after dark.

Boulenc

I love a good hipster brunch place — and Boulenc is the hippest brunch restaurant in Oaxaca. Go early or prepare to wait; this place is very popular. Go Mexican and have some delicious molletes (toast with beans, pico de gallo, and cheese)…or go American with some killer pancakes.

The balcony at a bar, edged with tall skinny green cacti in terra cotta pots, underneath a bright blue sky.
Get a terrace and this can be your view in Oaxaca.

Where to Stay in Oaxaca

Where’s the best place to stay in Oaxaca? Oaxaca is a compact and walkable (albeit hilly) city. As long as you aim for the city center, you’ll be in a good spot for exploration. Know that staying right on the Zócalo can be a bit loud (though Mexico is a loud country in general — you’ll want to bring earplugs no matter where you’re going).

If you’re looking to stay somewhere a bit less touristy, you might like the Xochimilco neighborhood, just off the center.

Best Airbnbs in Oaxaca

Here are some of the top-rated, most beautiful Airbnbs within Oaxaca’s city center:

Vintage Studio 2 — An open, airy, plant-filled studio apartment perfect for Instagram.

Terraza Turquesa — A bohemian loft with a large outdoor terrace.

Loft Q — A design loft, all glass and wood, located in a traditional Oaxacan building.

Loft El Tinglado Gráfico — A large, airy space in natural colors filled with Oaxacan art and treasures.

I don’t recommend the apartment where we stayed — it was cheap and pleasant, but every night at 11:00 PM, a giant cockroach would come into the kitchen to greet us. Every night, we killed it; every night, another came in. So I won’t be recommending that place to you!

See all Oaxaca Airbnbs here.

Best Oaxaca Hotels

Here are the top-rated hotels in Oaxaca at various price points:

Best Luxury Hotel in Oaxaca: Pug Seal Oaxaca

This luxury boutique hotel located in the center of town is filled with color, art, and high quality luxury finishings. The murals are a nod to Oaxacan tradition while having a more modern feel. Rooms surround a gorgeous courtyard and the hotel is known for its delicious (and included) breakfasts. Pug Seal is a local Mexican brand that keeps it from being a cookie-cutter luxury hotel.

Best Mid-Range Hotel in Oaxaca: Nana Vida Hotel Oaxaca

For a hotel that is solid and upscale, Nana Vida Hotel Oaxaca ticks all the boxes. It’s cozy, colorful, and filled with art. What sets it apart is the staff, who earn consistent, gushing raves from past guests. There’s a restaurant on site and its location, in the heart of the city center, puts you close to the action.

Best Budget Hotel in Oaxaca: Capital O El Nito

There are dozens of simple hotels all over the city center, where you can get a simple room for a low price. Capital O El Nito offers you exactly that — a clean room, an attentive staff — but with a killer location, just steps from the Zócalo.

Best Hostel in Oaxaca: Azul Cielo Hostel

Located on the edge of the city center, a 10-minute walk from the Zócalo, Azul Cielo Hostel offers a lot more value for money than more central hostels. The rooms are clean and colorful; there’s a sizable terrace with a bar, and they even offer yoga classes, Spanish classes, bicycle rentals, and cultural activities. Private rooms, coed dorms, and women-only dorms are available.

Find deals on Oaxaca hotels here and see all Oaxaca Airbnbs here.

A bright red fabric hammock with tassels; a bunch of several bananas hangs off it.

Best Time to Visit Oaxaca

There is no bad time to visit Oaxaca! While there are seasonal fluctuations, Oaxaca’s location in a valley at 5,102-foot elevation (1,555 meters) means that weather is relatively consistent for most of the year, with warm days and cool nights. You can plan a trip any time of year and have an enjoyable time in Oaxaca.

(That’s not the case for every city in Mexico. Land in Mérida in May and you’ll be sweltering with high humidity and scorching high temperatures; visit Mexico City in December and you’ll need a winter coat at night!)

Dry season in Oaxaca is from October to April; rainy season is from May to September. Even so, rainy season usually has clear mornings and brief showers in the afternoons.

The hottest months in Oaxaca are April and May; the coldest months in Oaxaca are November and December.

But if you’re looking for the sweet spot, where you have warm, sunny weather and very little rain, aim for October, November, February, or March.

Oaxaca gets the most visitors from December through February. Holy Week and Easter are a popular time to visit for Mexican travelers; expect higher prices and lower availability at this time.

Looking for Oaxaca festivals? Day of the Dead, El Día de los Muertos, is the biggest one of all. Festivals and parades are celebrated from the last week in October through the first week in November.

The Guelguetza Festival takes place in July and features dance performances from Oaxaca’s many Indigenous communities.

A shot from the Zocalo: a man buying a balloon for his four-year-old daughter as her mother looks on.

How to Get to Oaxaca City

Oaxaca is home to a small international airport. You can find direct flights to major Mexican hubs including Mexico City, Cancún, Mérida, and Guadalajara, as well as Oaxacan destinations like Puerto Escondido; internationally, there are direct flights to Los Angeles, Dallas, and Houston.

Keep in mind that this means that you need to plan your itinerary carefully — you can’t fly direct from Oaxaca to Tuxtla Gutiérrez (near San Cristóbal de las Casas) or Querétaro (near San Miguel de Allende).

Check for flights on Skyscanner — I find they tend to have the best rates.

If not flying, your best bet is to take the bus to Oaxaca. ADO buses are a safe, clean, and reliable way to get around Mexico, though you’ll want to bring your headphones, as there’s often a loud movie playing. You can see their schedules here.

Oaxaca is a six-hour bus ride from Mexico City, a 10.5-hour bus ride from Puerto Escondido (it takes an indirect route; you can drive it in about four hours), and a 10-hour bus ride from San Cristóbal de las Casas.

I took an overnight bus from San Cristóbal de las Casas to Oaxaca. It’s the most efficient way to get between the two cities, and it saves you a night’s accommodation, but I know very few people who get a good night’s sleep on a bus.

Another option is renting a car. While you don’t need a car while in Oaxaca, renting a car can be very helpful when driving long distances in Mexico. It’s also good if you want to tackle any of Oaxaca’s day trips independently. You can find the best deals at RentalCars.com.

Oaxaca at dawn: right red buildings edged with trees, cobblestone street, lamps illuminating the colors, the sky blue and turning yellow.
Oaxaca is a very safe city. Shutterstock image via SL-Photography.

Is Oaxaca Safe?

Yes, Oaxaca is a very safe place to visit — including for solo female travelers. In fact, it’s one of the top destinations in Mexico I would recommend for a first-time solo female traveler.

Mexico is probably the country that receives the worst PR in American media. If all you watch is cable news, you’re probably convinced that Mexico is a hellhole where cartels are waiting to butcher innocent tourists.

Mexico has its problems, but all of those cartels are operating FAR from where tourists go and have no interest in them.

What you actually get in Mexico — particularly away from the beach resorts — is towns and cities where wonderful, warm people are living normal lives. A lot of first-time visitors to Mexico are stunned at how different this is from what they’ve been told.

As for Oaxaca itself, this is a small city where locals look out for each other. Additionally, Oaxaca is home to lots of street vendors, which means that people will always be around. Most crimes against women happen in isolated situations, not when there’s a whole audience to witness them.

Tourism is the bread and butter of Oaxaca — for Mexican travelers as well as international travelers. They want you to have the best experience possible, and they know nobody will come there if it’s not safe.

If you’re traveling to Oaxaca, whether on your own or with a friend or partner, follow my universal travel safety advice: Research your destination before you arrive. Only take what you need when going out and leave the rest of your belongings locked up in your accommodation. Limit your drinking. Keep in touch with someone at home who knows where you are and where you’re going.


Read More:

Solo Female Travel in Mexico: Is it Safe?

Top 10 Travel Safety Tips for Women


Two chihuahuas wearing funny bedazzled leather hats, round sunglasses and dresses (one red plaid, one with green palms and pink tropical flowers). OMG I just realized the one in the flower dress has multicolored painted nails and is wearing pearls.

Oaxaca is waiting for you!

I just know that you’re going to fall in love with Oaxaca! It’s the kind of city that fills you with happiness — along with delicious tlayudas and memelas and tamales and mole.

Go enjoy your trip to Oaxaca — then come back and tell me all about it.


More on Mexico:

What NOT to Do in Mexico

Two Weeks in Mexico: The Ultimate Itinerary

Solo Female Travel in Mexico: Is it Safe?

Destination Guides: Bacalar, Isla Holbox, Campeche

See all Mexico posts here.


Have you been to Oaxaca? I’d love to hear your travel tips!

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3 thoughts on “The ABSOLUTE Best Things to Do in Oaxaca, Mexico”

  1. Worth noting – the only way to fly to Oaxaca Coty from Puerto Escondido is charter flights – Aeromar and VivaAerobus don’t have direct flights. I spend a lot of time in PXM and have friends who live in Oaxaca City so we are sadly well acquainted with this problem!

  2. I really enjoyed reading your blog post about Oaxaca. I have been to Mexico many times, mostly to Playa del Carmen, Cozumel, Tulum and Costa Maya. But, never to Oaxaca. Now, I would really love to go there. The part of your blog that got me really interested was the part with the cooking class. I consent with your statement that cooking class is the best thing one could give to himself/herself and to the beloved ones!

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